ENGLISH Grammar & Vocabulary

Verbs Followed by  Gerunds or Infinitives 

Verbs Followed by the Gerund

acknowledge

admit

advise

appreciate

avoid

can’t help

can’t stand

celebrate

consider

delay

deny

detest

discontinue

discuss

dislike

endure

end up

enjoy

escape

explain

feel like

finish

forgive

give up (stop)

imagine

justify

keep (continue)

mention

mind (object to)

miss

postpone

practice

prevent

prohibit

put off

quit

recall

recommend

regret

report

resent

resist

risk

suggest

support

tolerate

understand

Verbs Followed by the Infinitive

agree

appear

arrange

ask

attempt

can’t afford

can’t wait

choose

consent

decide

deserve

expect

fail

help

hesitate

hope

hurry

intend

learn

manage

mean (intend)

need

neglect

offer pay plan

prepare

pretend

promise

refuse

request

rush

seem

volunteer

wait

want

wish

would like

Verbs Followed by the Gerund or the Infinitive

begin

can’t stand

continue

forget*

hate

like

love

prefer

remember*

start

stop*

try

* a big difference in meaning if used Ger or Inf

Verbs Followed by Object+ Infinitive

advise

allow

ask*

cause

choose*

convince

encourage

expect*

forbid

force

get

help*

hire

invite

need*

pay*

permit

persuade

promise*

remind

request

require

teach

tell

urge

want*

warn

wish

would like*

*these verbs can also be followed by an infinitive without an object (example: ask to leave or ask someone to leave).

Examples:

1.  I enjoy singing (“enjoy” takes only GERUND)

2.  I like to read.  Or  I like reading.  (“like” takes

   both: either  INFINITIVE or GERUND)

3.  I want to study French. (“want” takes only  

   INFINITIVE)

4.  Help him do it. (“help” is followed by Object plus 

   INFINITIVE)

++++++++End of English Grammar Point – posted Jan 11 2019++++++++

Commas (Eight Basic Uses) https://docs.google.com/document/d/1owH9v9TZonFHFNSJPML4s_i40PGEGiLiSLYpakzzwks

The Prince and the Pauper English Russian Video of Chapter 24 Mark Twain: Literature

 

English Grammar Point: Subjunctive after Verbs of Request


SUBJUNCTIVE VERBS OF REQUEST ENGLISH GRAMMAR



English Grammar Point: Subjunctive after Expressions of Urgency


SUBJUNCTIVE EXPRESSIONS OF URGENCY ENGLISH ESL GRAMMARsions of Urgency ENGLISH LESSON My Movie



Table of English Irregular Verbs

Table of Irregulars
Irregular Verbs of English Language

A Table of Irregular Verbs that you can print out or download:

http://zoiaeliseyeva.com/docs/103_fall_2018/103fall2018_IrregularVerbsTable.pdf

Two Irregular Verbs, that You May Confuse, in Examples (downloadable)

LAY AND LIE :

http://zoiaeliseyeva.com/docs/103_fall_2018/103fall2018_LAY_LIE_TWO_IRREGULAR_VERBS.pdf

If-Sentences

1)  We use simple conditional verbs to describe what might be.  We use the conditional form other would + verb.  Examples: If I go, would you follow? / If you follow, will you bring my coat to me? / If you go, I will you sit with me?

2)  We use the future conditional for uncertainites.  We use the subjunctive form of “go”, using “went” in the “if” clause:  If I went, would you follow?  (I really want to go, but I don’t want to go alone.)  If I went, would you bring my coat to me?  (I really want to go, but I can only be comfortable with my coat.)  If I went, would you sit with me?  (I really want to go, but I don’t want to be there alone.)

3)  We use stronger subjunctive construction for stronger uncertainties. We use the subjunctive form of “go”, using “were to go” in the “if” clause and the subjunctive form of “will”, using “would” in the main clause:  If I were to go, would you follow? (I’m thinking that I might go if you followed.  Or not.)  If I were to go, would you bring my coat to me?  (I’mean thinking that I might go if you brought my coat.  Or not. )  If I were to go, would you sit next to me? (I’m thinking that I might go if you sat with me.  Or not.)

4)  We are now talking after-the-fact-subjunctive.  These often sound like regrets, so they can sound a little sad:  If I had gone, would you have followed? (Maybe we could have some one more memory.)  If I had gone, would you have brought my coat to me? (I could already have my coat back.)  If I had gone, would you have sat next to me?  (I could have had some companionship that night.)  This is the language of could’ve/should’ve.

Syllabus FALL 2019 VVC Hesperia AENG101-2019FA-SYLLABUS-71650

SYLLABUS Fall 2019  AENG10.5-71657 Morn LsSp MoWe

https://docs.google.com/document/d/1mm-u0POzcF81cg0on_VkBLg8jHCYzjXGYgX6UiPz1NQ/edit#heading=h.vb09t016hjke