Verbs Followed by Gerunds or Infinitives
Verbs Followed by the Gerund
give up (stop)
mind (object to)
Verbs Followed by the Infinitive
offer pay plan
Verbs Followed by the Gerund or the Infinitive
* a big difference in meaning if used Ger or Inf
Verbs Followed by Object+ Infinitive
*these verbs can also be followed by an infinitive without an object (example: ask to leave or ask someone to leave).
1. I enjoy singing (“enjoy” takes only GERUND)
2. I like to read. Or I like reading. (“like” takes
both: either INFINITIVE or GERUND)
3. I want to study French. (“want” takes only
4. Help him do it. (“help” is followed by Object plus
++++++++End of English Grammar Point posted Jan 11 2019++++++++
Past Simple, Past Perfect, and Would as a Modal
Example-paragraph from British literature
Then it was strange, she smiled just like she was going to laugh, and then she stopped and turned and went into her room, where I followed with the tray.
She poured out the tea, but something had made her angry, you could see.
She wouldn’t look at me.
was going to (intention)
could (Past tense of the modal “can”)
had made (the timing is before all the actions expressed with Past Simple)
Would as a Modal
(as compared with its usage as “Future-in-the-Past” – in this case it is a different usage)
wouldn’t (she did not want to, she was not willing to, she was doing that intentionally)
+++End of Grammar Point about Past tenses in literature on June 30, 2020+++Commas (Eight Basic Uses) https://docs.google.com/document/d/1owH9v9TZonFHFNSJPML4s_i40PGEGiLiSLYpakzzwks
The Prince and the Pauper English Russian Video of Chapter 24 Mark Twain: Literature
English Grammar Point: Subjunctive after Verbs of Request
English Grammar Point: Subjunctive after Expressions of Urgency
Table of English Irregular Verbs
Syllabus SPRING 2020 VVC Hesperia Instructor: Zoia Eliseyeva
A Table of Irregular Verbs that you can print out or download:
Two Irregular Verbs, that You May Confuse, in Examples (downloadable)
LAY AND LIE :
1) We use simple conditional verbs to describe what might be. We use the conditional form other would + verb. Examples: If I go, would you follow? / If you follow, will you bring my coat to me? / If you go, I will you sit with me?
2) We use the future conditional for uncertainites. We use the subjunctive form of “go”, using “went” in the “if” clause: If I went, would you follow? (I really want to go, but I don’t want to go alone.) If I went, would you bring my coat to me? (I really want to go, but I can only be comfortable with my coat.) If I went, would you sit with me? (I really want to go, but I don’t want to be there alone.)
3) We use stronger subjunctive construction for stronger uncertainties. We use the subjunctive form of “go”, using “were to go” in the “if” clause and the subjunctive form of “will”, using “would” in the main clause: If I were to go, would you follow? (I’m thinking that I might go if you followed. Or not.) If I were to go, would you bring my coat to me? (I’mean thinking that I might go if you brought my coat. Or not. ) If I were to go, would you sit next to me? (I’m thinking that I might go if you sat with me. Or not.)
4) We are now talking after-the-fact-subjunctive. These often sound like regrets, so they can sound a little sad: If I had gone, would you have followed? (Maybe we could have some one more memory.) If I had gone, would you have brought my coat to me? (I could already have my coat back.) If I had gone, would you have sat next to me? (I could have had some companionship that night.) This is the language of could’ve/should’ve.