PASTE from page 5 of the document online
Title of the document:
COVID-19 Vaccine Frequently Asked Questions
October 14, 2022
Source of the document (organization):
New Jersey Department of Health
Shape of the document online: pdf downloadable, readable, searchable on Google (fast)
Search was conducted by me (Zoia Eliseyeva) on
October 19, 2022 at 5AM from California, USA
The purpose of my search:
To find the answer to my question
“I have never had Covid. I have had a vaccination and 2 boosters. Do I need one more vaccination or one more booster at all?”
My family clinic’s online dashboard says I am due for another vaccine. So I have conducted a personal general research on the topic.
Link to the document:
Number of Doses and Boosters—For Most People (General Population)
How do the new bivalent boosters compare to the current monovalent booster doses?
This updated version of COVID-19 boosters offers stronger protections against severe illness and death from Omicron sub-variants. Everyone 5 years of age and older are recommended to receive the bivalent booster recommendation. This means that if you are 5 and older, you should receive one dose of an age-appropriate new bivalent booster dose at least 2 months after completing your primary series or after your last monovalent booster dose. Children 5 years of age are only eligible to receive the Pfizer bivalent booster. People 6 years of age and older can receive either the Moderna or Pfizer bivalent booster.
Should I receive the new bivalent even if I already received booster doses?
Yes, the CDC recommends that everyone age 5 and up should get an updated COVID-19 booster this fall to stay up-to-date on vaccinations. The same is true for people who completed their primary series or received one or two boosters: they should get an updated booster dose at least two months after their last shot.
Eligible individuals can get either the Pfizer or Moderna updated booster, regardless of whether their primary series or most recent dose was with Pfizer, Moderna, Novavax, or the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
From Page 7 of the same document
(more general information on Covid and vaccinations’ safety)
Are COVID-19 vaccines safe even though they were developed rapidly?
The vaccines were able to be developed rapidly because of the following:
• Vaccines have already been created for coronaviruses similar to SARS-CoV-2 (the virus that causes COVID-19), so a lot of the work was already done.
• All vaccines have gone through the same steps to show safety and effectiveness.
• Many steps occurred at the same time (e.g., vaccines were being made while testing was taking place). No steps were skipped.
• Collaboration between medical experts and researchers, along with plentiful funding helped to bring vaccines to the public sooner.
COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. Millions of people in the United States have received COVID-19 vaccines since they were authorized for emergency use by FDA. These vaccines have undergone and will continue to undergo the most intensive safety monitoring in U.S. history.
For more information and to view a video about vaccine safety, please visit
Definition of “bivalent”
(meaning Number 4) from online Merriam Webster
4 medical : conferring immunity to two diseases or two serotypes
Example: a bivalent vaccine
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